Parent Trigger: Straight Outta Compton?

You can buy an N.W.A.-inspired Straight Outta Compton cap today from Word.

Two stories of class ventriloquism jumped out at me last week. You probably heard about Mitt Romney’s delusions of middle class brotherhood. Romney, who has a net worth of at least $190 million, called himself one of “us.” (Which was, if you think about it, a nice acknowledgment that you ought to be if you’re going to attempt to represent “us.”)

Then there’s a story of political inauthenticity you may not have heard. It’s about an experiment in Compton, California, with a piece of legislation called the parent trigger. Here’s the story: ‘Parent Trigger’ Law to Reform Schools Faces Challenges.

Here’s some background, organized as a sort of Q & A.

What’s the “parent trigger”?

It’s a California law that “empowers” public school parents to do one of four things:

  1. Allow a charter school nearby that is “doing better” than the local school to take it over. That’s called a charter school conversion.
  2. Have half the staff fired, bring in new leadership, and get more local community control over making changes. That’s called turnaround.
  3. Force the school district to find a new principal and make a few other small fixes. That’s called transformation.
  4. Gain “collective bargaining rights” by collecting names on petitions.

(If this is raising questions in your mind about the person firing people, finding new leadership, and granting community control – or why you need a law to create a petition – we’re in the same boat. Grab a paddle.)

How do parents get their finger on the “trigger”?

First they find out if they’re school is failing. (Apparently, they might not know that.) Next, they organize more parents. “Parents” may be current parents, future parents zoned for the school, and parents whose children are set to feed into that school. Who calculates the total, I don’t know, but if 51 percent signs a petition demanding one of the four prefab options that the authors of the law built into it, bang. They’ve pulled the trigger.

Who drafted the parent trigger law, and who got it passed in California?

The parent trigger law was introduced by Gloria Romero, a former California state senator. She is now the director of the California branch of Democrats for Education Reform, or DFER. Ben Austin drafted the law. Austin is a former deputy mayor of Los Angeles and a policy consultant at Green Dot Public Schools, a charter school operator. Austin has a seat on the Los Angeles school board – California governor Jerry Brown dismissed him from the state education board – and he is the executive director of a nonprofit called Parent Revolution.

What’s DFER? And why should I care?

DFER is a political action committee run by hedge-fund managers and investment bankers. Closely tied to KIPP charter schools and Teach for America (the single largest donor to which is now the Walton Family Foundation), DFER’s aim is to close the “achievement gap” between students in poor black Harlem and their peers in rich white Scarsdale. To that end, the PAC raises money for Democrats who push an education agenda that includes the closure of “failing” public schools and the proliferation of charter schools. It’s an agenda shared by the Obama administration, and it’s being pushed by their education reform competition, Race to the Top.

In Baltimore, DFER has supported two candidates for public office (that I know of). One is Bill Ferguson, a Teach for America alumnus who worked for Baltimore City Public Schools CEO Dr. Andres Alonso before running for state senate. (You can watch him tell the story of how he got elected here. It’s cool.) He put forward a version of the parent trigger law called “The Parent Empowerment Act” this year. (You can see Senator Ferguson’s legislative agenda from February on his Facebook page.) It didn’t pass. DFER also backed mayoral candidate Otis Rolley, whose platform included mayoral control of the public school system, making charter laws more amenable to outside operators, and providing means-tested vouchers to children in the lowest performing middle schools. He didn’t win.

What’s remarkable about DFER is less its political track record than its rhetorical strategy. DFER presents its interests as the interests of children. (In effect, its spokespeople have appointed themselves spokespeople for America’s mainly urban, mainly black and brown public school children.) DFER pits the interests of these children against the interests of unionized teachers, who are, in the DFER narrative, ultimately responsible for high dropout rates and abysmal performance on high-stakes standardized tests. DFER does not admit that lack of school funding or poverty is an important determinant of academic performance, citing academic outcomes at KIPP and Harlem Children’s Zone as evidence of what great instruction can do. DFER’s critics point out that the PAC has a stake in undermining the pull of teachers’ unions, the largest single source of funding for the Democratic Party, in order to wrest power and political influence in its favor. Many on the right support their aims. Indeed, their agenda was effectively authored by George W. Bush.

What’s the deal with Parent Revolution?

When Diane Ravitch warned her Twitter followers to watch out for “astroturf” parent groups, I bristled. How can anyone question the authenticity of parents who are organizing on behalf of their own children? But I didn’t understand what she meant by “astroturf” – a group that adopts the populist guise of a grassroots organization in the interests of parties that are neither populist nor grassroots. Independent bloggers at Solidaridad have been calling Parent Revolution “astroturf” for years. This story in a March 2011 article in Mother Jones magazine is more mainstream, explaining the group’s corporate ties.

Parent Revolution operates on a $1 million budget, funded primarily by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the Wasserman Foundation, the Eli and Edyth Broad Foundation, the Hewlett Foundation, and the Walton Family Foundation. Education historian Diane Ravitch argues that the Gates, Walton Family, and the Broad Foundation combined invest far more funding in education reform than any foundations before them, with unchecked power to expand charters, vouchers, and other business-inspired reforms.

In Compton, Parent Revolution paid organizers from outside the community to gather signatures in support of a charter school conversion at McKinley Elementary School. Their second-in-command allegedly invented a group called “McKinley Parents for Change” and claimed on its behalf a desire to open under new management. The group never told the P.T.A. at McKinley that they were circulating a petition.

Volumes of news stories and opinions have already been published on the battles over the parent trigger law and its expansion across the country. (I particularly like California community organizer-turned-teacher Larry Ferlazzo’s take.) Ben Austin’s summary of the Compton results in that story I mentioned from the Times shows a level of awareness that ought to lead to a major course correction:

We came in with a prepackaged solution of a charter school and didn’t have enough of a deep buy-in from enough parents, and we didn’t develop enough leadership,” Mr. Austin said.

This year, he said, the organization will rely on the local parents’ unions to ask for the specific changes they want. In some cases, it may be as simple as more consultation from school leaders.

Now what?

DFER and Parent Revolution continue to organize “parent unions” across the country from the top down. The rhetoric pitting teachers against “kids” drones on. Billionaire philanthropists keep throwing money at a problem that they argue a shift of wealth from the top can’t fix. And Diane Ravitch keeps tweeting her fingertips ablister to keep concerned citizens up to date on the latest expressions of all this misguided reform.

Meanwhile, off the national radar, middle class parents like me are taking notes on cautionary tales like the one from Compton. We’re trying to learn how to breathe new life into local public schools that already have lives of their own.

Please share your own suggestions and cautionary tales in the comments section.


20 Responses to “Parent Trigger: Straight Outta Compton?”

  1. Love this blog. I found you searching info for my next post about the latest “reformer” flick. Speaking of class ventriloquism, great phrase by the way, I love how they use a Johhny Cash song “Won’t Back Down” with all of its defiant prole imagery to wrap the duplicitous efforts of some misguided Hollywood fatheads and a bunch of Hedge Funders. Watch this bunch back down when they get parodied or better yet exposed same as their last piece of Infomercialtainment did by grassroots. We have a group here in Buffalo who has done virtually the same song and dance as they do everywhere else showing up with ZERO buy in to steal an elementary and a high school and convert them. Both schools all ready have EPO’s in place with local universities but the deformers didn’t bother to consult with them or the parents or the teachers. They did however offer the principals a chance to stay on and likely make more money but as of now nobody is buying in. They have pissed off the Board of Ed, the Teacher’s union and the parents not to mention the 2 Universities who are all ready in place and making progress. Here’s their fluff piece on their website by another charter teacher followed by my response and a link to the real story. All we can do is fight these mofos head up no hold barred. If they’re down you better kick em. I offer this as an example of how to meet these fools and not allow them to frame the discussion with their crap about a crisis that needs immediate fixing. Patriot Act anyone?


  2. Hi Edit. I just now came across your reference to Texas Parents Union and wanted to provide some additional details.

    I created Texas Parents Union earlier this year after seeing a similarly named organization in Connecticut. We are still in the “startup” stage identifying potential directors/advisers so there’s not a lot of information on our website. I try to post an article or two on Facebook/Twitter that I think would be useful for parents. I’m hoping to add some additional content to the website during the Christmas holidays (parents’ bill of rights and list of districts in Texas with magnet schools.)

    Let me assure you – TXPU is not astroturf. I have not received any money/gifts from any other organization. I’m just a parent who believes in increasing quality educational options for Texas parents.


    • Thanks, Matt. Glad to know TXPU is not astroturf. You may want to get in touch with Holly Korbey of Parents for Texas (see comment below). It sounds like you might be able to help each other.

      Happy Holidays!


    • You’re a riot, Matt—a regular riot. Your site reeks of plasticity; I can practically smell it coming off the screen. You recycle every hoary old “ed reform” cliche I’ve ever seen.

      At least get some NEW pro-privatization propaganda. Okay?


  3. Again, great post. My wish is that every parent has enough information to know to not choose a charter. The astroturf phenomenon is one that I have witnessed, and as a Baltimore native, find particularly offensive. Blow-ins from Chicago telling us “your schools are trash. If you’re lucky, your kids might be able to attend the one FOUNDED BY ME FOR ME, and planned before I even moved here”. Yuck.

    Thanks for keeping it real.


  4. Thanks for this post! The backstory you provided was incredibly helpful.


    • You’re welcome, and thanks for reading! I find there are conversations I would like to have but can’t, yet, because some groundwork has to be laid first. Please subscribe for continual discussion and debate over these issues. My thoughts continually evolve as the scene changes and I participate in the grassroots organizing that needs doing in my neighborhood. You can sign up by email on the right-hand corner of the landing page, or by RSS. Type into your RSS reader.

      Thanks, again. And enjoy the weekend.


  5. Great piece! I posted something similar on my blog, Parents for Educating Texas (, and the Parent Revolution contacted me personally, wanting to chat about all the things I didn’t “understand” about the Parent Trigger – in other words, I called out the organization’s origins and questioned whether or not we should listen to them. I’m happy to see I’m not the only one who is skeptical. There is absolutely nothing wrong with parents getting involved in their child’s education, there should be more. But the involvement should look a lot more like the slow-food movement: local, organic, and sustainable.


    • Thanks, Holly. I was shocked to find, in writing this post, the website for Texas Parents Union (TXPU – no, really) – No faces. No names. Just a slideshow of public education quotes from Michelle Rhee, Gloria Romero, Michael van Winkle, Ronald Reagan, even Barack Obama. Glad to know there are authentic parent movements sprouting up in Texas.


  6. I have been reading a lot about charter schools and they seem to be a good alternative… especially when you are part of a failing school. I learned more about charter schools from actual parent reviews at If you have a kid in a charter school you should let your voice be heard… positive or negative. People like me need more info from REAL people.


    • This post came from my spam folder. I would question the definition of “a failing school.” I also question the notion that closing a school does anyone any good. Isn’t it part of the superintendent’s responsibility to make sure all schools succeed? Is scrapping poor performers a route to success? I don’t get it.


  7. There’s no end to the dirty tricks that these front groups for the “venture philanthropists” will pull to destroy quality public education. I’m sure Bill and Melinda consider themselves “middle class” just like Mitt. Personally, I’d like to see all the ill-gotten personal income they sequester in their foundation taxed at about 80 or 90% so that truly public education wouldn’t have to beg for poor people’s money stolen by slot machines.


  8. This is a very interesting post. Thanks.



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